Floating Filamentous Cyanobacterium (Blue-Green Algae)
The most commonly occurring algae is, in fact, bacteria.
Previously called ‘Blue-Green Algae’ it shares many traits with algae (eukaryotic cells) including appearance.
Cyanobacteria fossils date back 3.5 billion years, making these prokaryotic cells the oldest known fossils in the world. It may be interesting to remind you, the oldest known rocks on earth are 3.7 billion years old.
Find Which Strand You Have:
Commonly found growing with Microcystis (both can cause skin irritation). Has an appearance of tiny grass clippings floating in water.
Appearance almost identical to Microcystis’ pea soup coloring, except Anabaena is filamentous and doesn’t migrate. The microscopic visual difference is a thicker cell wall than Microcystis. Occurring in phosphorus rich waters, Anabaena produces toxins which can kill pets, wildlife, and livestock.
Split into floating mats or attached to rocks, Oscillatoria appears in colors of dark blue-green, dark red, brown, green-black, or purple. May show an oscillating movement. Can produce toxic microcystis in certain strands.
Forms large (dark green, yellow-green, or blue olive green) jelly-like balls or mats. Also called freshwater grapes, Nostoc is generally non-toxic but under certain conditions can produce liver toxins.
Methods of Removal and Treatment
-Microbial Products (environmentally safe)
-Grass Carp (disease free and sterile)
–Copper Sulfate (not biodegradable)
-Phosphorus Inactivation Products
-Shading Products~ dyes limit sunlight
-Sodium Carbonate Peroxyhydrate